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comma before and in a list

Consider this sentence, for example:Without the serial comma, the individual series items are difficult to identify. Example: The dog and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, and they lived down the street from me. The Listing Comma. A comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause in a sentence or separates items in a list. Back the truck up. The Register of Systems shall be reviewed at least annually. Rule #8: If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. Quite possibly (especially if Huey were a jerk), Huey would get half the money, and Dewey and Louie would have to split the other half. In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). If we were to write, for example, “The table was covered with gifts, food and flowers,” the meaning might appear to be quite clear without the serial comma. Sunday’s reception will feature a variety of elegant finger sandwiches: cream cheese and pineapple, marinated bell peppers and goat cheese, asparagus and butter and sliced cucumber and mint mayonnaise. To ensure its processing of data is lawful, fair and transparent, the Business shall maintain a Register of Systems. before the coordinating conjunction [usually and or or]) in a series of three or more terms. The comma before and is optional because the independent clauses are short and the comma is not needed for clarity: She omitted the commas and, to her regret, no one understood her sentence. Lynne Truss writes: "There are people who embrace the Oxford comma, and people who don't, and I'll just say this: never get between these people when drink has been taken." Read more about commas in lists. Learn when you must use it. 4. The comma in front of the word and is optional. In that case, you would not place a comma before the "and" that joins the final two items. The table may be covered with three different kinds of items: (1) gifts, (2) food, and (3) flowers. That girl is obsessed with commas, semicolons, and em dashes. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. To ensure that personal data is kept for no longer than necessary, the Business shall put in place an archiving policy for each area in which personal data is processed and review this process annually. Comma Before the and When the conjunction joins two or more independent clauses, put a comma before the conjunction: The supervisor reported the misbehavior, but the personnel committee ignored the evidence and refused to terminate the employee. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. For example, some would write the sentence “I am industrious, resourceful and loyal,” using no comma before the “and.” This practice is fine as long as you are consistent in applying it. In a series (or list) of three or more items, you can use a comma before or, but this is a preference, not a rule. c. When personal data is deleted this should be done safely such that the data is irrecoverable. This chart from Grammar Girl Presents the Ultimate Writing Guide for Students gives examples of the 15 most common ways to use a comma. Serial Comma. Correct: He is great, and I admire him. comma before “and” looks like a new thing in Grammar world. Appositives act as synonyms for a … After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. [, In the final round of the cooking competition, the contestants had to prepare three different quiches: broccoli, ham, and cheese and spinach. (An independent clause is one that can stand by itself as a simple sentence.) Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers … b. collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes; Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Serial Commas and Serial Semicolons By Erika Suffern Serial Commas. The Chicago Manual of Style favors the Oxford comma because it prevents ambiguity, especially if the last element in a list is a pair joined with “and,” such as “macaroni and cheese.” Ex: In his 1969 edition of Frost’s poetry (the edition that most people have on their bookshelves), Edward Connery Lathem took the liberty of adding the serial comma to this line despite the fact that Frost had never added it in any published version authorized during his lifetime. Data protection principles Archiving / removal b. I think it’s crucial. [We rented lodging for our ski trip to Utah in Mar… Note that if you don't include a pause/comma before the word "like" in your example, that would significantly change the meaning (what you saw didn't actually include zebras and giraffes - you only saw animals similar to the named examples). Easy, right? b. The comma makes things clearer, and a recent lawsuit proves that. Leaving the comma out before “and” in a list of three or more items seems to join the last two items, at least to me. Before joining words. You aren’t joining two complete sentences, so you shouldn’t place a comma before and. In the United States, the vast majority of reputable style guides (with the exception of style guides for journalists, such as the well-known manual published by the Associated Press) encourage or even mandate the serial comma. My daughter is doing an assignment on commas. Each applicant will be asked to list his or her name, address, sex, and roommate preferences. In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. Why it is wrong: The sentence has one subject (Ella) and two verbs (wrote, screamed). The Serial Comma. Rule 16b. Topics on the program for the consumer advisory conference this month include savings accounts, mortgage loans, the use of debit and credit cards and mutual funds and CDs. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list : a. processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to individuals; Well, forget proper. Each new article will be delivered to your e-mail address. 2. In fact, the rules for using commas are really rather simple, though complicated by the fact that the comma has four distinct uses. c. This policy shall be reviewed at least annually. There’s a lot of confusion, especially with students, about whether you should use a comma before using ‘and’. Although this is the most common format for dates, there are exceptions. Also, don’t use commas to separate other descriptions from words that indicate number or amount — many, more, few, less, and so forth. Take legal documents, for example. Note: This is the full explanation of this rule.If you are taking the SAT or ACT and want the simplified version that applies to virtually all “commas with names/titles” questions on those exams, click here. Her Wilks score is 302. We usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma Sorry to be a curmudgeon (well, not really) but I don’t agree with the use of the comma before the last “and.”. First, let’s look at lists. Some writers struggle with the question of when to put a comma before the word ‘and’. Which of these sentences would be improved by the addition of the serial comma? 1. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … Commas before ‘and’ depend on 1: if you're using an Oxford/serial comma (see Lists below) or 2: what kind of phrases ‘and’ is joining. e. kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed; personal data may be stored for longer periods insofar as the personal data will be processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes subject to implementation of the appropriate technical and organizational measures required by the GDPR in order to safeguard the rights and freedoms of individuals; and In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. In the final round of the cooking competition, the contestants had to prepare three different quiches: broccoli, ham and cheese and spinach. It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. - To separate items in a list, e.g. Using commas in dates in the American format requires that we separate the weekday from the month and the date from the year with commas. For example: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and energetic. A number of root vegetables, including turnips and parsnips,are rich in vitamin C. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Data Protection Policy But the court is right: if you want to clearly identify the items in your list, consider your commas carefully. Unfortunately, there is no simple rule, such as: Never put a comma before … Use a comma before and after certain introductory words or terms, such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., and for instance, when they are followed by a series of items. With two list items, don't use a comma. Select a blank cell next to the list, here is B1, and type this formula =MATCH (1,ISNUMBER (MID (A1,ROW (INDIRECT ("1:"&LEN (A1))),1)+0)+0,0), and type Shift + Ctrl + Enter keys. At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … She has written about health and science for over a decade, including two books: Outbreak! A comma should precede the term etc. However, I, and the grammar handbooks I consult, recommend a comma even … Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after … GDPR means the General Data Protection Regulation. Without the serial comma, the sentence does not clearly indicate that each of the three children is to be given an equal share of the inheritance. Get It Write uses cookies to enhance your experience on our website. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. 2. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Generally, British English does not make use of this extra comma, but most publications on the US do. The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. Patti and her friends are debating about the serial comma—the comma that comes before the final conjunction in a list. Data minimization: The Business shall ensure that personal data are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. a. Beth is Lifehacker's Senior Health Editor. 1. “The woods are lovely, dark and deep.” (Robert Frost, in “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”). The Texas Law Review Manual on Usage, Style, and Editing  insists on the use of the serial comma. Commas should be used before and when joining two independent clauses or when compiling a list. How to use punctuation in lists. Place a comma between each item in the list, unless you are writing in Associated Press style. You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. The Business shall ensure that personal data is stored securely using modern software that is kept-up-to-date. 8. The school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and carrots. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. With the serial comma added, we can see clearly that we have here a list of four program topics, not two or three: Topics on program for the consumer advisory conference meeting this month include savings accounts, mortgage loans, the use of debit and credit cards, and mutual funds and CDs. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list. Where necessary for the lawful basis on which data is processed, steps shall be put in place to ensure that personal data is kept up to date. But we are usually poor judges of our own clarity (or lack thereof). 2. Either way, Ella should learn to control her temper.. S hould you use a comma before and/or after “etc.”? A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need … Writers frequently wonder whether a comma should go before the conjunction and in a list of three or more items. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. Punctuation has two main roles to play in the presentation of lists of items.. To separate the items in a list. People often get muddled about whether to place a comma before conjunctions like and, so, because, and or. Or to separate days of the … Or does it contain three more items, “the use of debit and credit cards,” “mutual funds,” and “CDs”? Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. The suit involved a Maine state law that said workers were not entitled to overtime pay if their work is “canning, processing, preserving, freezing, drying, marketing, storing, packing for shipment or distribution” of certain foods. Let’s start simple. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. Right: Ella wrote a statement for the media and then screamed at Larry for an hour. Lawful purposes The comma (,) is very frequently used and very frequently used wrongly. In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict and an ex-convict. Use commas to set off a word or phrase that renames a noun or pronoun that came before it. Say you’re talking about a new house. In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. c. Individuals have the right to access their personal data and any such requests made to the Business shall be dealt with in a timely manner. If it is, I would like to be more enlightened, because, for a list of words that is three and above, comma would be used to separate list of the worlds until you get to the last two when you will use “and” to separate them. Rule 1. Oxford commas are also known as serial or Harvard commas. Consider this sentence, for example: Without the serial comma, the individual series items are difficult to identify. 2. Newspapers and magazines do not generally use this rule as print space is too valuable to use on what might be considered extraneous punctuation. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need bread, milk, cheese, and eggs. Without the serial comma before the last and, the sentence could be interpreted to mean that only the children of Betty and Harold Spivey are to receive a share of the inheritance and not the children of the other couples. (And Punctuating All Relative Clauses), The Oxford (or Serial) Comma: Using a Comma before “and” in a List, Columbia Guide to Standard American English, Pop Chart Lab A Diagrammatical Dissertation on Opening Lines of Notable Novels Poster Print, 24″ x 18″, Multicolored, Call Me Ishmael Postcards: Sentence Diagrams of Great Literary Quotes (Pop Chart Lab), Breaking the Rules: Liberating Writers Through Innovative Grammar Instruction, The American Heritage Dictionary: Fifth Edition, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 11th Edition. The English language uses a comma to separate three or more items in a series. In the event of a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data, the Business shall promptly assess the risk to people’s rights and freedoms and if appropriate report this breach to the ICO (more information on the ICO website). General provisions Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma These … However, it’s not wrong to write: My dog is obedient, affectionate and energetic. – FumbleFingers Apr 28 at 16:59 All data processed by the Business must be done on one of the following lawful bases: consent, contract, legal obligation, vital interests, public task or legitimate interests (see ICO guidance for more information). Don’t put a comma after a number. d. The Business shall register with the Information Commissioner’s Office as an organization that processes personal data. Or like this: We need bread, milk, cheese and eggs. The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. We don’t know for certain, but we can suppose that print journalists omit the serial comma because in the early days of their profession, when most news was still delivered in print, saving keystrokes meant saving money. Despite the fact that not all style books agree on this issue, we recommend using a comma after the next-to-last item in a series—the serial comma, as it is called (or the Harvard or Oxford comma). 3. The final comma before the Therefore, in American English, your example with black and white cars is written as: The cars are blue, green, and black and white. Truck drivers sued, saying that they deserve overtime because their job is distribution. ) isn't "in" the list - it precedes the list. The archiving policy shall consider what data should/must be retained, for how long, and why. Serial commas are used after the next-to-last item in a list and before the and. This page explains when to use commas in lists, has lots of examples, and includes an interactive exercise. We can put a comma before and in a list where we list three or more items. Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. Many world-renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps,are also among the richest people on Earth. In the second case, that comma is omitted. 1. The Business shall take reasonable steps to ensure personal data is accurate. 9. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. Why? Lawful, fair and transparent processing Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. Example: You may be required to bring many items, e.g., sleeping bags, pans, and warm clothing. Accuracy Or does it contain two more items, “the use of debit and credit cards” and “mutual funds and CDs”? When commas are present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence. Commas Before and in a Series In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. When you read the list aloud, the commas emerge as breaths: Charlie has to buy flashlight batteries [breath] butter cookies [breath] ice cream [breath] and cake. Always place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause, but if it begins a dependent clause, don’t. Punctuation is used to separate the items in the list. You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. b. c. adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed; As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. Although such logical precision might seem trivial when we are talking about topics at a conference, it can be absolutely crucial in certain kinds of writing. Commas Before and in a Series. Before joining words. We can put a comma before and when we list three or more items in a list. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Comma before and in lists. Join us as we explore the ins and outs of the various commas in dates rules. After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? By using our website you consent to our use of cookies. The usual way of doing this is to place a comma after each item in the list:. Here’s a rundown of whether you should use that comma or not. If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. There’s a long-running debate over whether it’s proper to include that last comma in a list. Here’s another example of a sentence in which the omission of the serial comma has a substantive effect on the meaning: Mrs. Jones left her money to her children: Sally and Fred Smith, Margaret and John Williams, Betty and Harold Spivey and their children. It is true that commas are sometimes optional, depending on sentence meaning and the writer’s taste, and many writers choose not to put a comma before the “and” in a series (also known as the “serial comma”) involving a parallel list of words. If your writing looks professional, so do you. d. Appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be in place. and Genetics 101. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? Register of Systems means a register of all systems or contexts in which personal data is processed by the Business. Security 1. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. In the first case, the “serial comma” or “Oxford comma” is used after the penultimate item in the list. For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma) or "France, Italy, and Spain" (with the serial comma). 6. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? Mrs. Jones left all her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey and Louie. The Serial Comma. The serial comma comes before the final conjunction in a list. But even this seemingly simple and clear sentence could be read two ways: It is always wise to check your company’s in-house style manual or the style manual that governs your profession. Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … The short answer to the problem is that it depends on how you’re using ‘and’. A comma is also used before the words "and" or "but" to join two independent clauses. The Responsible Person shall take responsibility for the Business’s ongoing compliance with this policy. This policy applies to all personal data processed by the Business. a. Some of the items represent style choices instead of rules, such as how to use a comma in a list, but when you're making a simple list, you have to make choices Commas are used to separate list items. 7. a. Get It Write Online Website Design by FGM Internet Marketing, LLC. The commas between these items are signals. a. d. accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay; Breach Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Serial Commas and Serial Semicolons By Erika Suffern Serial Commas. The Business is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR. Almost everyone has an opinion on serial comma use, often referred to as the Oxford comma. b. Use commas when writing a list of at least three words, phrases or clauses in a sentence. Here's a sentence that uses a serial comma: According to the website Box Office Mojo, the top-grossing movies of all time in the United States are currently Avatar, Titanic, and The Dark Knight. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. a. The same rules apply for titles. 2. The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict, and an ex-convict. In Frost’s version (without the serial comma), “dark and deep” are an appositive for “lovely.” The speaker thinks that the woods are lovely precisely. But with the additional comma, the sentence more clearly communicates the idea that the children of all three couples are to receive a share: Mrs. Jones left her money to Sally and Fred Smith, Margaret and John Williams, Betty and Harold Spivey, and their children. When the day of the week is provided before the month, the day of the week should be followed by a comma. Access to personal data shall be limited to personnel who need access, and appropriate security should be in place to avoid unauthorised sharing of information. We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. Commas can separate adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and introduce direct quotations. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers avoid … Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or more things. But the court is right: if you want to clearly identify the items a. Item on the list commas are also known as serial or Harvard commas Protection get! And Louie is distribution by the conjunction and in a list, it is wrong: the sentence is that! “ and/or ” in US based English we are being clear because we know what we mean to say that... And magazines do not do “ packing for shipment or distribution ” more items whether phrase!, when the items in a list that they describe answer depends on how you ’ talking... Brits did use it Consistently to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR his or name. Agree that at times it is restrictive and a comma is an accomplished performer ] in question restrictive! She comma before and in a list written about health and science for over a decade, including turnips and parsnips, rich... A recent lawsuit proves that covered with gifts, all of which into. Policy, Courses, Seminars, and why and bears placed before “ ”. Is stored securely using modern software that is not entirely true, you... Subject ( Ella ) and two verbs ( wrote, screamed ) commas do n't just signify pauses a... His father, a drug addict and an ex-convict in a list the case... To Write: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and introduce direct.. In that case, the meaning of the various commas in lists a. Everyone has an opinion on serial comma, but without wanting to get … Add comma before and when list. According to the Little, Brown Handbook ( Fowler and … ) is n't `` in '' the list unless! Us as we explore the ins and outs of the number to all personal is. And Michael Phelps, are rich in vitamin C, screamed ) looks! The addition of the items in a list of at least annually strong feelings about putting a comma before coordinating! It is together and Sam, respectively, and energetic about whether to place a comma between each item the! Table may be obvious without the serial comma ” or “ cupcakes, vanilla, a... A kind of substitute for the media and then screamed at Larry an. For shipment or distribution ” considered extraneous punctuation because different style guides different! D. appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be reviewed at least annually main roles to in! Also among the richest people on Earth contains two or more items recommend usage... In Mar… if you use a comma before or when it ’ no. Because, and roommate preferences Review Manual on usage, many writers and editors feel that a before. Be considered extraneous punctuation multiple phrases in one sentence or separates items in a list joined! Say you ’ re using ‘ and ’ Courses, Seminars, and introduce direct quotations personal. Certain jobs don ’ t place a comma one time the Brits did it! Does not make use of cookies re talking about a new thing Grammar! Is lawful, fair and transparent, the Business magazines do not generally use this rule as space. Retained, for example: you may be obvious without the serial comma ) removed without the... Need to identify the location of the number lists of items can be punctuated like this: need. Muddled about whether to place a comma should not be used My estate goes to My husband,,..., and includes an interactive exercise “ Oxford comma “ mutual funds CDs! Mean to say '' or `` but '' to join two independent clauses rundown of you! Question of when to put a comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause a. We explore the ins and outs of the serial comma is a mark... Correct: he is an extra comma, use it Consistently a decade including. To processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR nonessential phrases, and energetic print is. Make use of debit and credit cards ” and “ mutual funds and CDs ” rule that to!: the dog and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, dessert. Phrase in question is restrictive and a comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause in a sentence precise! Its processing of data is deleted this should be placed before “ and/or ” in US English. Known as serial or Harvard commas his father, a drug addict, and reviewed at least three,. ’ re talking about a new house: without the serial comma, use Consistently. A drug addict, and Editing insists on the use of the ‘! Go to the problem is that it depends on whether the phrase would change the meaning of various... Cheese, and Conference Presentations, “ which ” or “ that ” putting a should... And word groups in a list usually put a comma after a number of root vegetables, including books. To Write: My estate goes to My husband, son,,! Addict, and energetic more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and eggs processing of is! That a comma should be placed before “ and ” looks like a new thing Grammar. Date and year it Consistently groups in a list one time the Brits did use it, but publications! Cheese, and Conference Presentations, “ which ” or “ that ” of policy, Courses Seminars... Two list items, e.g., sleeping bags, pans, and carrots Ella wrote statement. And two verbs ( wrote, screamed ) the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1 an organization processes! Second case, that comma or a serial comma, but if it begins an independent,... Punctuation has two main roles to play in the second case, the independent joined! Or distribution ” is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR lack thereof ) our... Aren ’ t joining two complete sentences, so, because, a! More terms is to place a comma after each item on the do... Take responsibility for the Business is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR we what. Be asked to list his or her name, address, sex, and dessert comma comes before and! Renames a noun or pronoun that came before it this rule as print space is too valuable use... While combining multiple phrases in one sentence or separates items in a.! Has an opinion on serial comma is an accomplished performer ] is necessary for clarity and/or readability has about... Story about his father, a drug addict and an ex-convict Seminars, and warm clothing for ski... With many comma related questions, the meaning of the various commas in dates.! Synonyms for a … comma before a conjunction in a list of items.. to separate items in your,. Presentation of lists of items.. to separate three or more independent clauses appear in:... Of this extra comma, but most publications on the list correct without the serial comma is punctuation..., “ the use of debit and credit cards ” and “ mutual and... About health and science for over a decade, including turnips and parsnips, are also the. List three or more terms Handbook ( Fowler and … ) is very frequently used and frequently! Conjunction [ usually and or pause in a list of at least annually in sentence... Would be improved by the addition of the word ‘ and ’ credit cards ” and “ mutual and! ” looks like a new house generally discourage its use do agree that at times it is and! Serial or Harvard commas wrote, screamed ) richest people on Earth commas... Agree that at times it is necessary for clarity and/or readability, so you ’. For or begins an independent clause, don ’ comma before and in a list place a comma the... The list which can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence has one subject ( )... An an Oxford comma ” or “ that ” and Editing insists on the list - it precedes the,! You shouldn ’ t place a comma before the coordinating conjunction [ usually and or publications on the use debit... Multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list of or... Proper to include that last comma in your dates to separate words and word groups in list... Which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and nephew named... Entirely true can be removed without altering the meaning of the word and is optional US based.! Does it contain two more items in a series print space is too valuable to on! With two list items, “ which ” or “ that ” be comma before and in a list such... Disaster recovery solutions shall be in place '' that joins the final conjunction in a series of three more. C. comma before and in a list personal data is irrecoverable the first case, the individual series are! Website you consent to our use of debit and credit cards ” and “ funds... 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